What is dandruff?
Dandruff is a very common condition of the scalp that is caused by flakes of skin to appear. It is an objection, which is marked by itching. It can also be caused by eczema and overgrowth of yeast like fungus which are very common. In some cases it can be embarrassing and not easy to treat. It is estimated that about 50% of the people suffers from dandruff. Dandruff is mostly common in men than in women, and in people with oily skin. Some recent studies have proven that the people who take diets which are excessively salty, sugary or spicy and complemented by unnecessary alcohol might exacerbate dandruff. If the skin is exposed to extreme temperatures, the risk of developing dandruff is greater. People suffering from dandruff also experiences irritation and redness on the scalp.
Excessive flaking may be caused by a fundamental illness or conditions, such as psoriasis, a fungal infection, or even head lice.
Some individuals with various type of dandruff may have social or self-esteem problems. Therefore, treatment may be important for both physiological and psychological reasons.
Fortunately, dandruff can be controlled. In mild cases, the person needs only to find appropriate shampoo which contains a gentle cleanser and is a best remedy. When the dandruff is severe, a medicated shampoo will be required.
Symptoms of dandruff
The trademark symbol for dandruff, or seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp, is white flakes on the scalp and in the hair. In the case when any of the people is wearing dark clothes, the flakes will be more noticeable when they fall on their shoulders. The scalp may also feel uncomfortable, skintight or painful.
Adult characters with seborrheic dermatitis of the scalp may have red, peeling, oily coverings of skin.
• It contains white flakes of skin on the scalp, and in the person’s hair
• Flakes might be looking oily
• Head might feel skintight and irritated
• Head might feel tingly
• Head might feel painful
• Red, flaky, oily coverings of skin
• Crusting and scrambling rashes on scalp (babies with Seborrheic dermatitis, or cradle cap)
Many circumstances of dandruff do not require a visit to the doctor. However, those who still find that their scalp is scratching; any parts of the scalp become red or swollen, after a few weeks of self-treatment they should see their doctor. The person might have unadorned seborrheic dermatitis or another conditions that have dandruff indications.
Often referred to as cradle cap is a type of dandruff for babies, signs and indications may appear when the baby is between 2 weeks or 6 months of age, specifically between the ages of 3 to 8 weeks – this generally disappears after a few weeks; in some of the circumstances it may take months. Although cradle cap might be alarming to parents, it is not dangerous.
Causes of dandruff
• Not enough hair brushing
People who do not comb or brush their hair regularly have a slightly higher menace of having dandruff – this is because they are not assisting the flaking of skin that combing or brushing provides.
People who are very thoughtful to yeast, it might have a slightly higher risk of having dandruff, so it is logical to undertake that yeast might play an important part. People who are sensitive to yeast might often get dandruff and it itself gets better during the warmer months and can be poorer during the season of winter. Ultra violet lights from the sun deactivate the yeast. Some people says, that during the season of winter the skin is thirstier because of cold air and overheated of rooms (revelation to extreme temperatures), and such type problems is more likely to have a dandruff. So, it is sometimes not as easy as to know whether it is yeast or just a dry skin.
• Dry skin
People with dry skin are likely to have dandruff more often. In winters cold air, joined with overheated rooms is the most common cause of itchy and cracking skin. People suffering from the problem of dandruff is caused by dry skin have a tendency to have small flakes of dandruff; the flakes are not greasy.
• Seborrheic dermatitis (irritated, oily skin)
People suffering with seborrheic dermatitis are very liable to have dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis affects most areas of the skin, together with backs of the ears, the breastbone, the eyebrows, and the edges of the nose, not objective the scalp. The patient will have red, oily skin covered with blistered white or yellow scales.
• Not enough shampooing
Several peoples says that if you don’t shampoo sufficient to your hairs there might be a buildup of oil and dead skin cells, which is the major cause for dandruff. Although, many experts doubt that this is true.
• Certain skin conditions
People suffering from psoriasis, eczema and many other skin conditions that are likely have dandruff is much more frequently than any of the people.
• Some illnesses
Adults who are suffering from Parkinson’s disease and some other neurological illnesses are very prone to have a dandruff and seborrheic dermatitis. Patients who recover from heart attacks and several strokes and several people with weak immune systems might have dandruff more frequently than other people.
• Reaction to hair or skin care products
Some people get reacted from several hair care products which make their scalp red, itchy and scaling. Many experts and doctors had proved that shampooing too might often cause dandruff which can infuriate the scalp.
Some experts and doctors had proved that people who do not eat sufficient foods that contain zinc, vitamin B, and some other types of fats are mostly likely to have dandruff.
• Mental stress
Many experts and doctors believed that there might be a link between stress and different types of dandruff problems from which mostly people suffer from.
Many studies and researchers had proved that 10.6% of the people suffering from HIV have seborrheic dermatitis.
Treatments of dandruff
Two factors should be considered when you treat yourself from dandruff:
• You should concentrate on your age
• The harshness of your dandruff.
Your intention will be to stop the growing of dandruff by slowing down the reproduction of skin cells, or neutralize the production of yeast that might be the cause.
Most anti-dandruff or anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and anti-biotic shampoos contain at least one of the following active components:
• Zinc pyrithione – it is the type of ingredient which slows down the creation of yeast
• Selenium sulphide – it is the type of component that reduces the making of natural oils that your scalp glands produce
• Coal tar – it is a natural anti-fungal and anti-bacterial agent. If your hairs are dyed or treated you should remember that usage long-term coal tar can stain the hairs
• Salicylic acids – is a type of component that help your scalp get rid of skin cells. It does not slowdown the reproduction of skin cells. There are a number of “scalp scrubs” generally comprises salicylic acids. Some people found that treatment with salicylic acid leave their scalps dry and ultimately makes the flaking of skin poorer
• Tea-tree oil – There are several numbers of growing shampoos who now include tea-tree oil as one of its constituent. It had been using from centuries as an anti-fungal, anti-bacterial, antibiotic, and as an antiseptic. Although, some peoples are allergic with this oil
• Green Tea potential – Researchers and scientists from the Medical College of Georgia, USA, found that green tea might have a potential for the treatment from dandruff and psoriasis.
Preferably, select a shampoo that might have one of the above components and shampoo your hairs with it every day until your dandruff is under control. You may find a particular shampoo that might stops being so effective after a while, if this occurs change to one that has another component.
Make sure that the shampoo has time to stay on your scalp before you rinse it off – perhaps up to five minutes. If you rinse it off too quickly, the component will not have a sufficient time to work.
After several weeks of treating yourself with such type of ingredients you still have dandruff, than in case you should prefer a doctor or a dermatologist (skin specialist).
A recent study carried out by European researchers who suggest that the accumulation of llama antibodies to shampoo might be a new policy for fighting from dandruff.
When to see doctor
Most of the cases of dandruff doesn’t requires a visit to doctor. But, in case when you’re still scratching your head after a numerous weeks of experimenting yourself with over-the-counter (OTC) dandruff shampoos, or if your scalp develops red or swollen, than in such case you should prefer a doctor or dermatologist. You might have seborrheic dermatitis or another scalp condition that looks like dandruff. Often your doctor can diagnose such type of problem simply by looking at your hair and scalp.
If you’re still itching and flaking after trying over-the-counter preparations, you should prefer your doctor or dermatologist. For really persevering dandruff cases, you might need to use a prescription shampoo or topical medication.